The Internationaux de France or tournament Roland Garros, or simply Roland Garros, is a tennis tournament on clay, created in 1925 and held annually since 1928 in Paris, in the Roland Garros stadium. He succeeds Championship France created in 1891. Organized by the French Tennis Federation (FFT), it takes place on the last week of May and the first week of June. It is one of the four Grand Slam tournaments, the second in the calendar after the Australian Open in January. After the Wimbledon last week of June and first week of July and the U.S. Open in August. In the world of tennis Anglophone majority, the tournament is also known as the French Open since 1968, the first year of the Open era.
The International Court of France are the biggest tournament of the tennis season on clay and the only Grand Slam still arguing over this surface, since the U.S. Open abandoned in 1978. It is considered the second most prestigious tennis tournament in the world after the tournament Wimbledon3 although the tennis event benefiting the wider audience and media coverage around the world. In addition, many players from regions of the world where tennis is played mostly on clay, such as Latin America or Southern Europe, see in the most important event of the year Roland Garros. Due to the slow surface and matches in five sets without tiebreak in the final round, Roland Garros is considered the tennis tournament the most difficult and physically demanding.